Childhood Disorders

Intellectual Disability

Down’s Syndrome

Down’s Syndrome is a genetic disorder which is typically associated with delay in physical growth and intellectual disability. Individuals with Down’s Syndrome have 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. It is the most frequently occurring chromosomal disorder....

read more

Intellectual Impairment

Intelligence involves the ability to think, solve problems and behave in ways that are appropriate. It also involves the ability to learn new information and keep it in memory. General intellectual functioning is determined by the use of standardized tests of...

read more

Learning Disability

Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia indicates difficulty with handwriting. The person’s writing might be illegible owing to irregular and inconsistent letter formation. It can interfere with the students’ ability to copy written materials from the board and complete classwork. Despite average...

read more

Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia indicates severe deficits in numerical skills. Mathematics involves the understanding of idea of quantity, space, and language which is essential for effectively carrying out numerical computations. A person with dyscalculia, despite average intelligence...

read more

Dyslexia

Dyslexia, also known as specific reading disorder, is characterised by difficulty in reading or writing a language. This tends to affect the individual’s learning ability since most of early learning involves the skill of reading. Some signs may be: Many mistakes...

read more

Attention Deficit And Related Disorders

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Children, who have problems in attention, are hyperactive as well as impulsive, may be at risk of having ADHD. Some common behaviours of these children include day/dreaming getting easily bored with the task, making careless mistakes, misplacing objects, restlessness,...

read more

Attention deficit disorder (ADD)

Some children find it really hard to concentrate on one thing for a long time. They get easily distracted while performing a task as a result of which tasks may be left unfinished. Such children may get attracted by what is happening around them, sudden sights and...

read more

Autism & Related Disorders

Asperger’s Syndrome

Asperger’s Syndrome is commonly known as high functioning autism. Though the cause of this syndrome remain unclear, it is often considered to run in the family. Individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome tend to have inappropriate social interactions. They might find it...

read more

Autism

Children might be showing signs of this syndrome if lack of meaningful eye contact, show inability to produce age-appropriate speech, engage in stereotyped repetitive behaviours and/or rigid, repetitive and monotonous play. Some signs may appear even before 3 years of...

read more

Behaviour Problems

Childhood Depression

Just as depression is seen to disturb the adult population, in the same manner, childhood depression is a common cause of suffering for children. Quite often it is the cause of poor academic and social outcome. Depression in children puts them at risk of suicide and...

read more

Conduct disorder

Conduct disorder is characterized by a variety of symptoms that typically involve aggression towards people and animals, and serious violation of rules. Such children may deliberately destroy the property of others by either setting them on fire or by other means....

read more

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Children with ODD often appear annoying since they constantly tend to defy the adults’ requests and rules. They may deliberately oppose their parents’ efforts or find some way to act against them. Their behaviour tends to cause dissatisfaction in adults but they may...

read more

Emotional Disorders

Separation Anxiety

Some children are noticed to experience extreme fear and discomfort when they are separated from their parents. They may show a persistent worry that the parent will leave them and not return. This fear may even lead to refusal to go to school. They may cry and throw...

read more

Sibling Rivalry

Some children tend to fight more than others because of their temperament. Arguments between siblings is fairly common thing which may not be noticed in most cases. But sometimes conflict between siblings may be because of sibling rivalry. If a child is noticed to be...

read more

Elimination Problems

Encopresis

Toilet training helps children gain control over faeces. Most children after about four years of age learn that they must go to the bathroom for elimination. Sometimes despite learning where to eliminate, they accidentally eliminate (or pass faeces) in inappropriate...

read more

Bed Wetting/Enuresis

Usually children who are above 5 years of age tend to have control over urination. If older children (above 5 years) wet their bed or wet themselves in places other than the bathroom, they might be suffering from enuresis. The instances must last for quite a few...

read more

Other Childhood Problems

Obesity

Obesity is a condition that is threatening to our country’s children’s health. Obesity refers to increased body weight in relation to height. Body mass index (BMI) is a standard indicator of obesity. Obesity puts children at a higher risk of chronic diseases. It is...

read more

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is a neurological condition that is known to cause physical disability in human development. In some individuals, Cerebral Palsy may be associated with intellectual disability. A person with Cerebral Palsy generally shows symptoms during the first three...

read more

Developmental Delay

Some children whoare under 5 years are noticed to meet developmental milestones later than usual. For example, children may acquire speech or motor skills later than the standard age. This may indicate problems in intellectual functioning but since they are too young...

read more

Psychotic Problems

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia causes strange thinking, strange feelings, and unusual behaviour in children. It is hard to recognize in its early phases. The symptoms and behaviour of children with schizophrenia may be different from that of adults with this illness. With Early...

read more