Old Age Disorders

NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDERS

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Dementia refers to a disease process marked by progressive cognitive impairment in clear consciousness. Alzheimer’s Disease is one of the most common forms of Dementia. It usually begins with mild memory problems, lapses of attention, and difficulties in language and...

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DELIRIUM

Delirium is a major disturbance in attention and orientation to the environment. As the person’s focus becomes less clear, he or she has great difficulty concentrating and thinking in an organized way, leading to misinterpretations, illusions, and on occasion,...

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STROKE

A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is reduced or interrupted, decreasing or stopping oxygen supply, causing brain cells to die. Symptomatic and silent are the two types of strokes. While symptomatic strokes, as the name suggests have identifiable symptoms,...

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PARKINSON’S DISEASE

Parkinson’s Disease is a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the brain that causes a gradual loss of muscle control. Age is the largest risk factor, with most people who develop Parkinson’s being 60 or older, and symptoms may take as long as 20 years to...

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EMOTIONAL ISSUES

BEREAVEMENT OR GRIEF

Older adults experience loss at an accelerated rate due to changes in physical ability, health, living situation, and the deaths of close friends and loved ones. These losses are unbelievably hard to cope with, especially when more than one is experienced at a...

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GERIATRIC DEPRESSION

Depression is one of the most common mental health problems of older adults. The features of depression are the same for elderly people as for younger people, including feelings of profound sadness and emptiness; low self-esteem, guilt, and pessimism; and loss of...

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SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM DISORDERS

DELUSIONAL DISORDER

Delusional disorder is characterized by firmly held false beliefs (delusions) that persist for at least 1 month, without other symptoms of psychosis. The belief can be regarding any usual aspect of the person’s life but is not believed by anyone else except him since...

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SCHIZOPHRENIA

Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Commonly, people suffering from this problem, have several other symptoms that are...

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SOMATOFORM DISORDERS

The Somatoform Disorders are a group of conditions that involve physical symptoms and complaints suggesting the presence of a medical condition but without any evidence of physical pathology to account for them. In other words, they involved medically unexplained...

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OBSESSIVE – COMPULSIVE DISORDER

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) a disorder characterized by recurrent intrusive or uncontrollable thoughts, causing stress (obsessions) that prompt the performance of rituals in a repetitive manner (compulsions). A person with OCD can have either obsessive...

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