Pharmacotherapy involves the remediation or management of a psychiatric condition through the use of appropriate medication.
Mental health conditions like Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Generalised Anxiety Disorder, OCD, Schizophrenia, Drug Addiction, Eating Disorder, Conversion, Personality Disorders, etc. often tend to require medication. Different conditions require different forms of medication.
Advancements in science along with greater understanding of how the brain functions has led to more effective, less toxic, better-tolerated, and more specifically targeted medicines being available, with potentially fewer side-effects.
Our psychiatrists and neuro-psychiatrists will evaluate your condition and based on your needs they will provide appropriate psychiatric medication.
Psychoeducation refers to the process of providing education and information to those seeking or receiving mental health services and their family members.
Many individuals who have a mental health condition know little or nothing about the condition they have been diagnosed with, what they might expect from therapy, or the positive and negative effects of any medications they may be prescribed.
Information on these topics given to them by medical professionals may be confusing or otherwise difficult to comprehend and thus of little help. Offered in both individual and group formats, psychoeducation can benefit the individual diagnosed, parents and other family members, and caregivers and friends. Also, there are lots of wrong ideas and rumours surrounding psychiatric problems.
One of the reasons could be less genuine information which people are exposed to through media and non-experts. Being misinformed can stop us from approaching a medical professional as a consequence of which chances of recovery are lowered.
During psychoeducation misconceptions are clarified, queries are answered and detailed information is provided.
It is generally known that those who have a thorough understanding of the challenges they are facing as well as knowledge of personal coping ability, internal and external resources, and their own areas of strength are often better able to address difficulties, feel more in control of the condition(s), and have a greater internal capacity to work toward mental and emotional well-being. Psychoeducation often leads to increased compliance with treatment regimens.
Anger is a fundamental emotion that everyone experiences from time to time. Anger affects your mental and physical health, and may interfere with one’s interpersonal relationships. Learning to recognize and express anger appropriately can make a big difference in your life.
Techniques of anger management can help avoid destructive behaviour, communicate with others effectively, solve problems and reach your goals.
The goal of anger management is to reduce both your emotional feelings and the physiological arousal that anger causes. You can’t get rid of, or avoid, the things or the people that enrage you, nor can you change them, but you can learn to control your reactions.
Anger management begins with understanding the causes and signs of anger, and teaches you ways of monitoring yourself in such circumstances that prevent an anger outburst.
Our psychologists and clinical psychologists will help you find out what it is that triggers your anger, and then to develop strategies to keep those triggers from tipping you over the edge.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) assumes that the development and maintenance of some psychiatric illnesses occur in a social and interpersonal context and that the onset, response to treatment, and outcomes are influenced by the interpersonal relations between the patient and significant others.
The overall goal is to reduce or eliminate psychiatric symptoms by improving the quality of the patient’s current interpersonal relations and social functioning.
This therapy moves through three defined phases: (1) The initial phase is dedicated to identifying the problem area that will be the target for treatment; (2) the intermediate phase is devoted to working on the target problem area(s); and (3) the termination phase is focused on consolidating gains made during treatment and preparing the patients for future work on their own.
IPT is concerned with the ‘interpersonal context’—the relational factors that predispose, precipitate and perpetuate the patient’s distress. In addition, the treatment also aims to assist patients to improve their social support network so that they can better manage their current interpersonal distress.
EMDR was designed first for post-traumatic stress, this method uses a combination of cognitive and behavioural techniques. First a behavioural assessment is done, imaginal flooding is used, and cognitive restructuring follows.
EMDR requires that the client visualize an upsetting memory and accompanying physical sensations. The client repeats negative self-statements that he or she associates with the scene. The patient follows the therapist’s finger as it moves rapidly back and forth. After completing the eye movements, the client stops thinking about the scene. The procedure is repeated again and again until the client’s anxiety is reduced.
EMDR therapists believe that when the traumatic memories are processed properly, psychological problems can be reduced. It is an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Behaviour therapy is a direct and active mode of therapeutic intervention that recognizes the importance of behaviour, acknowledges the role of learning, and includes thorough assessment and evaluation. Instead of exploring past traumatic events or inner conflicts, behaviour therapists focus on the presenting problem—the problem or symptom that is causing the patient great distress.
A major assumption of behaviour therapy is that abnormal behaviour is acquired in the same way as normal behaviour—that is, by learning. A variety of behavioural techniques have therefore been developed to help patients “unlearn” maladaptive behaviours by one means or another.
Techniques used in Behaviour therapy include Exposure therapy, Aversion therapy, Modelling, Systematic use of reinforcement and Token economies. Behaviour therapy ranges wide and is known to be successfully applied in children, adults as well as old age population.
A relatively new approach, Acceptance and Commitment therapy (ACT) uses behavioural techniques in combination with an emphasis on clients’ use of language to alleviate client distress. Here, the focus is on accepting a feeling, event, or situation rather than avoiding it.
ACT therapists believe many emotional problems develop as clients use ineffective methods, such as avoidance, to control their emotions. Rather than having clients focus on avoiding a feeling, they help clients accept a feeling, event, or situation. Clients can then look at their thoughts and feelings rather than look from them.
ACT help clients clarify values and commit to behaviours that fit with these values. This treatment is useful in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and anxiety-related disorders.
Sex is one of the most private aspects of an individual’s life and problems in it are often hidden or ignored due to fear or embarrassment. No matter how hard one tries to fight it, it can’t be solved without the help of an expert.
Sexual problems are common in the modern world and can have many causes including physical, psychological or situational reasons. One of the potential causes may be anxiety which may inhibit normal sexual arousal, resulting in dysfunction.
Sex Therapy utilizes techniques to reduce anxiety such as progressive relaxation and systematic desensitization, resulting in enhanced sexual arousal.
The goal of sex therapy is to improve sexual functioning, interpersonal relationships and correct wrong notions a person might have regarding sexual intercourse.
It involves discussion about possible solutions and encourages individuals to work on difficulties in their relationship such as a poor communication or and being comfortable with self and partner’s bodies. This is carried out in a safe and private environment in the presence of a trained professional.
Nutrition is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Without proper nutrition, one does not have enough energy to make it through the day. Also, health declines without proper nutrition, making one more susceptible to illness and disease. Also, certain problems like Eating Disorders and obesity often lead to malnutrition which, in the long run, can lead to serious diseases.
Diet counselling helps the person to create an action plan so as to adopt a healthier lifestyle and diet. Through diet counselling, individuals can learn more about how their food choices affect their health. It is an ongoing process in which the counsellor works with an individual to assess his or her usual dietary intake and identify areas where change is needed. He/she provides information, educational materials, support, and follow-up to help the individual make and maintain the needed dietary changes.
The family is the foundation on which most societies are built. Family therapy might be necessary where there are disturbances in the family system. Often the problems that a person faces can be understood by going deeper into the interactions between the family members.
It must be understood that the exchange between the family members involve a form of communication which can lead to either harmony or disharmony in relationships.
Family therapy explicitly focuses on altering the interactions between or among family members and seeks to improve the functioning of the family as a unit, or its subsystems, and the functioning of individual members of the family. By increasing the problem-solving capacity and communication within the family system, the individual client can be helped to recover from his problem.
Family therapy is a recognized form of treatment in major psychiatric problems such as schizophrenia, depression, alcohol or drug use, conversion related disorders eating disorders, and bipolar disorder.
About Caring Minds
Caring Minds is the first of it’s kind, state-of-the-art, multi-speciality institute of mental health in Eastern India. Sprawling across 8000 sq. ft, this one-stop shop houses a diverse team of seasoned professionals who provide their expert services to all issues related to the mind, both clinical and non clinical under one roof.