1. Behaviour modification is a treatment approach, based on the principles of operant conditioning, that replaces undesirable behaviours with more desirable ones through positive or negative reinforcement.
  2. By using a system of positive or negative consequences, an individual learns the correct set of responses for any given stimulus. The practice has several offshoots that attempt to alter behaviour through different strategies developed through the years. 
  3. Behavioural modification seeks to change or shape behaviour through a set of stimuli and response actions. Operant conditioning works under the premise that the best way to understand a person’s behaviour is to look at the reason for action and the consequences of said action.
  4. Behaviour modification has been successfully used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD),attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), phobias, enuresis (bed-wetting), generalized anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder.