Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CRT) is a broad term used to describe specific rehabilitation interventions designed to address problems in mental processing that are associated with chronic illness, brain injury, or trauma, such as stroke. Given the wide range of symptoms and severity of cognitive problems in individuals with brain injury, CRT does not refer to a specific approach to treatment. It may include relearning specific mental abilities, strengthening unaffected abilities, or substituting new abilities to compensate for lost ones. It comprises of interventions that aim to lessen impairments, or lessen the disabling impact of those impairments. Interventions are applied through technology and other compensatory strategies that may allow the individual with cognitive impairment to accomplish important life activities and more fully participate in society. The interventions can be provided on a one-on-one basis or in a small group setting.
The process of CRT comprises 4 components: