Special Education

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  1. Special Education
  2. Philosophy of Special Education
  3. Goals
  4. IEP (Long Term/ Short Term) Aim of Education is gaining knowledge to be aware of
  5. Surrounding
  6. Become Independent Economically
  7. Taking Responsibility
  8. Contribute meaningfully to the society A person with special need is no exception

Definition of Special Education:

Special education is a targeted instruction that is specially designed to meet the unique needs of each child who is unable to learn the adaptive behaviour, the natural way – that is by interacting with the environment around him/her.


Special Education is designed to teach the child the various aspects of daily living that are required to led an independent life. Average environment treats average person best. Persons at either extremes do not learn from average environment One of the primary goals of training educating developmentally delayed persons is to help them to function adequately in their natural atmosphere.


Basic of special education is to teach the child:

  1. Activities of daily living (ADL) -These are activities an individual does to keep self-clean/safe/healthy. These activities include self-care, safety and home living.
  2. Communication Skills
  3. Socialisation Skills – Interpersonal skills, use of community resources, Situational understanding
  4. Work Habit is to comprehend the task in demand, initiate the task, follow the process and complete the same.
  5. Self-Regulation- Special education is not only about teaching the student all of the above mentioned activities. It is also to ensure that the student has access to all kinds of
    resources and opportunities which will help them to lead their life freely according to their optimum ability.

IEP (Individual Education Programme)

The purpose of IEP is to meet the child’s needs based on child’s ability, developmental pace rather than on predetermined expectations based on grade level. The IEP takes both strength and challenges into consideration using child’s strength to improve his/her challenges. So the goal of IEP is to develop a learning programme for individual students by identifying the present level of performance, identify the ability and requirement of long term goals. It tracks student’s progress against short term SMART( Specific, Measurement, Agreed Relevant, Timely) goals to support achievements of long term goals.