Definition of Special Education:
Special education is a targeted instruction that is specially designed to meet the unique needs of each child who is unable to learn the adaptive behaviour, the natural way – that is by interacting with the environment around him/her.
Special Education is designed to teach the child the various aspects of daily living that are required to led an independent life. Average environment treats average person best. Persons at either extremes do not learn from average environment One of the primary goals of training educating developmentally delayed persons is to help them to function adequately in their natural atmosphere.
Basic of special education is to teach the child:
IEP (Individual Education Programme)
The purpose of IEP is to meet the child’s needs based on child’s ability, developmental pace rather than on predetermined expectations based on grade level. The IEP takes both strength and challenges into consideration using child’s strength to improve his/her challenges. So the goal of IEP is to develop a learning programme for individual students by identifying the present level of performance, identify the ability and requirement of long term goals. It tracks student’s progress against short term SMART( Specific, Measurement, Agreed Relevant, Timely) goals to support achievements of long term goals.